A strikingly toxic campaign ad was unleashed online in Kenya just weeks before the national elections — a potentially explosive move in a country where politics and ethnicity are closely aligned.
The 90-second video, shot in moody monochrome, presented a dystopia in which Raila Odinga, the leading opposition candidate, wins the August vote and plunges the nation into a violent and inept dictatorship.
Under this scenario, tribes would be set against one another while terrorists run riot. “Stop Raila, Save Kenya. The Future of Kenya is in Your Hands,” the video said.
East Africa’s largest economy holds its general election on August 8, a decade after disputed poll results fuelled violence that left more than 1,100 dead and hundreds of thousands displaced.
It is unclear who is behind last week’s slick video or “The Real Raila”, the shadowy pro-government outfit that disseminated it.
But some on Kenya’s vibrant social media networks were quick to blame Cambridge Analytica (CA), a company credited with using its data mining and psychological profiling techniques to help swing recent votes in the United States and Britain.
In May, local press reported President Uhuru Kenyatta’s Jubilee campaign had hired CA. A spokesman, Nick Fievet, declined to comment on CA’s possible work in Kenya but said it had “no connection” with the attack video.
With 7.1 million Facebook users and an estimated two-thirds of Kenya’s 45 million people able to access the internet, there is a critical mass of people leaving an increasingly detailed trail of information about their fears and preferences — a rich resource for those seeking to influence voting choices.
“Here it can lead to war,” said John Githongo, a veteran anti-corruption campaigner. “The wrong video, the wrong information, it can go out of control.”
Githongo believes both government and opposition seek to use the new techniques, only the ruling party is more effective. “Jubilee has been way ahead from the very beginning.”
CA worked on Kenyatta’s last campaign in 2013 — devised by PR company BTP Advisers — to paint Kenyatta and his running mate William Ruto as victims of a Western imperialist plot to try them at the International Criminal Court for politically motivated tribal violence.