If anyone can break Prime Minister Najib Razak’s stranglehold on Sabah, the Borneo state that holds the key to power in Malaysia, it should be Shafie Apdal.
Shafie’s roots in Sabah run deep. He is the nephew of a former chief minister, and rose from the local branch of Najib’s United Malays National Organisation to become the first national vice-president from the state. When Najib dumped him from the Cabinet in 2015 amid a dispute over a troubled state fund, Shafie, 59, set up his own party based in Sabah.
“There is no path to victory for the Malaysian opposition that doesn’t go through Sabah,’’ Rosman Abin, youth chief for Shafie’s new party Warisan, said before a recent party event in the state. “We can’t win without a strong showing here.’’
Yet to help the opposition wrest control of Malaysia from UMNO after six decades of rule, Shafie needs to avoid the problems that have dogged the grouping for decades: public bickering and a tendency to compete against each other. If Sabah’s opposition blocs and parties fail to agree which seats each will contest, Najib’s coalition is all but assured of victory in an election that could come this year.
“Of course BN will retain power in Sabah, it’s almost a given” due to divisions in opposition parties, said Oh Ei Sun, a Sabah native who is principal adviser to the Pacific Research Centre in Malaysia, referring to the UMNO-led Barisan Nasional coalition. “Everyone wants to be boss, everyone wants to be the chief minister.”
Located more than 1,400km across the South China Sea from peninsular Malaysia, Sabah sits on the northern tip of Borneo between Indonesia, the Philippines and Brunei. Malaysia’s second-largest state by size, the rain-forested former sultanate accounts for more than a quarter of the country’s crude oil reserves.
Sabah and neighbouring Sarawak are known in Malaysia as “fixed deposits” for Barisan Nasional. They have long supported the establishment, accounting for about a third of the coalition’s seats at the last general election.
Still, Barisan Nasional retained power in 2013 by its slimmest margin ever, and would have lost if not for the Borneo states. And in about half its seats in Sabah, the winning candidate only got around 50 per cent or less of the vote.
Speaking by phone, Shafie said his party is “looking into” cooperating with Pakatan Harapan, the main national opposition alliance. Warisan now has two members of parliament. It’s not decided how many seats it would contest, and the party does not disclose the size of its membership.
“Whatever it takes to make sure that BN can be defeated — that is crucial for us,” Shafie said. “There must be a formal compromise, but not at the expense of neglecting the rights of fellow Sabahans.”
Najib’s party is used to defectors jumping ship: Pakatan Harapan is headed by jailed former UMNO deputy president Anwar Ibrahim and its chairman is Mahathir Mohamad, Malaysia’s longest-serving prime minister who led the party for decades.
“Shafie is actually a non-threat because he’s a loner,” Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor, secretary general of Barisan Nasional, said by phone in late June. He said Sabah will stick with Barisan Nasional as it’s “the only coalition in the country which is multiracial, multi-religion, multi-ethnic and multicultural.”
Surveys suggest the state’s 3.8 million people aren’t all that happy with UMNO. A Merdeka Centre for Opinion Research poll of 905 registered Sabah voters published in May found just over half were dissatisfied with the state government. But the Merdeka Centre added it would be hard for opposition parties to win the state — turns out voters are also unimpressed with their performance.